It has been made clear throughout history that the people of Argentina are ones of extreme passion. This shows forth in their music, their tango, and their politics. Civil unrest has been a pattern of Argentinean society since its founding. The goal of my paper is to look at several different revolutionary periods of Argentina, and compare them to the tango movement of that time. The point of this paper is to look into how the politics and passion of civil revolution shaped the current tango, and also how the tango was used as an escape from a violently political society. My hypothesis is that many will say the dancing of the tango increased during times of prosperity (such as the Peron years) but declined in general popularity during political and social revolutions. Furthermore, the goal of this paper will be to look at the evolution of the tango throughout these tumultous times, and try to find the methods for which the tango was kept alive in times of distress for Argentina.
The significance of this issue is the ability to understand not only the social movements of Argentina, but how these affect the tango culture. If tango was popular only during times of peace and/or prosperity, then it could be said that tango is a bandwagon dance only used when it is directly popular with the mases. If however it remained an integral part of society during civil unrest and revolution, then the tango could be categorized as a theraputic dance used to transport those suffering from hard times. I am really hoping for the latter.
I have read conflicting information on a few different sources. The bulk of what I have been able to find is not necessarily scholarly articles, but personal blogs and stories of personal experiences of argentinians during several periods of civil revolution. What I can piece together at this point is a few things. First, during the Peron years, tango was alive and flourishing. However during the Revoluci?n Libertadora beginning in 1955 the economic strian placed on Argentinians and the unsettlement of the government meant that the tango industry declined, but seemed to stay afloat in some milongas and private homes. During the Revolucion Argentina the same trend seemed to take place. Finally the last revolution I want to look at is the economic revolution and rioting of 2001. ?Corallito? was the name of the freezing of bank accounts and the devaluation of the peso even further which led to the riots. The attitude and memoirs of this revolution are much more prevalent via the interweb than those previously. One particular blog talks about pure chaos during the riots in which no ones attention is focused on anything other than the banking crisis, therefore all but a small population seemed to abandon the tango. My research plan includes continuing to search for and analze different blogs about argentinian culutre, tango, history, etc. to find any and all personal information on this subject. I have come into contact with a writer who was a part of the Revolucion Argentina movement whom I am hoping to personally interview. Finally I have found a few scholarly articles relating to the theraputic and relief capabilities of dancing the tango.
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