Language Fact Sheet “Korean Language”
In the fact sheet, you will include:
1. Overview of the language (e.g. history, context, varieties and dialects within the language).
2. Linguistic structures (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics features).
3. Implications for instruction (e.g. similarities and differences between the home language and English, common learner mistakes due to home language influence, instructional methods and strategies).
4. Resources (e.g. resources for learners such as online dictionary, idiom comparison list; resources for teachers, and resources for home literacy.
??? or ??
?? Dialects in China are not mutually intelligible
??30 consonants and 14 vowels;
??syllables are quick and direct;
??average syllable is 30% shorter than Mandarin
??rich vocabulary representing local features;
??vocabulary does not always have equivalents in Mandarin;
??has over 100 cognates with Tai
??Subject-Object-Verb (SOV) oriented with mandarin influence of
??precise particles are used to indicate tense (similar to Japanese)
?? Semantics & Pragmatics:
??mixed-code use is commonly observed in daily conversations: ??
call ? (someone called you)
TESOL for ALL
Date: June 2011
?? ?? (hueugnin)
?? ?? (non hô)
?? ???? (non hôva?)
—How are you?
?? ???,?? (ngû
— I am fine. Thank
?? ?? (tzewe) / ???
?? ??? (cihdih?)
— How much?
?? ??? (tehveqchi)
?? ?? (jaja)
?? ??? (viô-khaqchi)
—You are welcome.
?? Dialect system: Wu Chinese
Shanghai and surrounding areas
?? Speakers: ~14 million
?? First appeared in 1077 AD
?? Formed based on dialects in Jiaxing
?? Experienced rapid growth during
?? Began to wane after 1949 when
Mandarin was introduced as the
?? Revived since 2005 by municipal
government to retain local dialect
to a soup in Shanghai)
banker, rich people)
(refer to the card game)
from English ESL/EFL Instruction
?? Early exposure to English language: in Shanghai, students typically
start to learn English in Kindergarten or Elementary school; all street
signs in Shanghai have English translations.
?? Interaction with native English speakers:
many schools in Shanghai hire native English
speakers to teach spoken English
?? Media influence: English is commonly
used and there are several radio stations,
TV stations, and newspaper in English
Shanghai Dialect and English
?? Cognates: many phrases in Shanghai dialect are cognates of English
?the Shanghai dialect consonants are similar
to French and English;
?While Mandarin Chinese does not have
voiced consonant, in Shanghai dialect, there
are voiced consonants, such as plosives (b,
d, g), and fricatives (v, z).
?Nasal sounds in Shanghai dialect are very
similar to English (m, n, gn).
??The short vowels in Shanghai dialect are similar to the English and
German short vowels such as in “itch” or the “e” in “gestapo.”
??Shanghai dialect has no diphthongs, which is unique among Chinese
??English vowels exist in Shanghai dialect: a (ah), ei (late), i (meet), u
(book), ou (shoe), ao (naught),
??Vowels in Shanghai dialect that do not exist in English: eu (duex),
yu (in French and German)
?? Learner Challenges:
??the use of articles (a, an, the)
??the distinction of third person singular pronouns (he vs. she)
??verb tenses, proverbs and idioms
Learning Shanghai Dialect
?? Dialects in China: http://www.hhqq.net/
?? Learn Shanghai Dialect phrases: http://sh.eastday.com/xxshh/
?? Search commonly-used phrases: http://www.shanghaidialect.com/
?? Video Lessons: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/video/shexpo/
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