Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2012). research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice (Laureate

Education, Inc., custom ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Chapter 3, “Key Concepts and Steps in Qualitative and Quantitative Research” (for review)
Chapter 4, “Research Problems, Research Questions, and Hypotheses”

This chapter focuses on the steps in planning a study to generate evidence. These include developing a research question,

identifying variables, articulating a problem statement, and generating hypotheses.
Chapter 7, “Ethics in Nursing Research”

In this chapter, the focus is on the ethical dilemmas that occur when planning and conducting research and the ethical

principles that have been enacted for protecting study participants.
Fouka, G., & Mantzorou, M. (2011). What are the major ethical issues in conducting research? Is there a conflict between

the research ethics and the nature of nursing? Health Science Journal, 5(1), 3–14.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

This article describes a literature review conducted to determine the most important ethical issues that nurses encounter

when undertaking or participating in research. The authors detail the results of the review and make recommendations for

solving some of the problems highlighted.
Newcomb, P. (2010). Evolving fairness in research on human subjects. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing,

23(3), 123–124.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

In this article, the author describes some of the ethical controversies that may arise in conducting research in human

subjects, especially with respect to ownership of genes. The author also stresses the importance of educating research

subjects and their families about the ultimate purpose of research.
Yakov, G., Shilo, Y., & Shor, T. (2010). Nurses’ perceptions of ethical issues related to patients’ rights law. Nursing

Ethics, 17(4), 501–510.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

The authors of this article detail a study conducted to determine how nursing staff deal with ethical issues in relation

to the law. The article emphasizes the difficulty staff had in distinguishing between legal and ethical problems. The

authors make several recommendations to deal with legal and ethical problems.
Delwiche, F. (2008). Anatomy of a scholarly research article in the health sciences. Retrieved from

This article highlights the primary components of scholarly research articles. The article details the distinguishing

factors of scholarly journals, the peer-review process, and the definition of “primary literature.”
American Nurses Association. (2001). Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements.
Retrieved from
To prepare:
Select a current health-related case involving research ethics. (If none come to mind, browse the Internet to familiarize

yourself with recent cases.)
As you review the case that you have selected, reflect on the ethical principles discussed in “What Are the Major Ethical

Issues in Conducting Research?” article found in this week’s Learning Resources. Which principles were breached in the

case you have identified?
Post a description of the case that you selected and the ethical issues involved. Analyze the ethical principles that

were breached by the researchers or organizations in your selected case as well as the possible cause of the breach(es).

Suggest how the research might have been conducted differently to avoid or minimize the ethical problems. Discuss how

research can be done on sensitive issues while still protecting the rights of the research subjects.

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