Objective 111.6.1-11: Analyze the effects of globalization on non-Western cultural practices.
Globalization and modernization refer to the influence that modern nations have on less-developed or traditional nations
and societies. At times, these influences result from direct contact, such as the opening of a Western corporate office
or manufacturing plant in an underdeveloped nation. Other times, the influences can be indirect, such as the transmission
of Western cultural values to non-Western societies through mediums such as television, literature, and goods shipped to
local areas. Globalization and modernization can have both positive and negative impacts on the cultural practices of
non-Western societies, and deciphering the impact of these influences can involve a complex analysis.
A holistic perspective and a long-term commitment to understanding the human species in all its variety is the essence of
anthropology. Thus, anthropology is well equipped to grapple with an issue that has overriding importance for all of us
at the beginning of the 21st century: globalization.
“Globalization refers to a worldwide interconnectedness, evidenced in global movements of natural resources, human labor,
finance capital, information infectious diseases, and trade goods (including human organs as described in this chapter’s*
Globalscape). Although worldwide travel, trade relations, and information flow have existed for several centuries, the
pace and magnitude of these long-distance exchanges has picked up enormously in the recent decades; the Internet in
particular has greatly expanded information exchange capacities.” Page 19/Anthropology: The Human Challenge
Note: You may need to use additional resources to complete this task.
Write a brief essay (suggested length of 2–4 pages) in which you:
A. Identify at least two separate examples of non-Western cultures that have been transformed by globalization after
World War II.
1. Describe in detail what the circumstances were within each of these cultures both prior to and after the influence of
B. Analyze one of the examples from part A. Be sure to discuss the following questions:
1. What caused the influence of globalization in one of the two examples presented in Part A? (For example, perhaps it
resulted from the U.S. government making a conscious effort to improve the agricultural technology of a particular
2. Was the influence of globalization a direct or indirect process, what were the intentional or unintentional outcomes,
and was the influence of globalization positive or negative for the non-Western society? (Remember that the ramifications
and outcomes of influences are rarely simple. They impact different aspects of culture differently.)
3. Briefly discuss the non-Western society’s response to the influence of globalization.
C. When you use sources to support ideas and elements in a paper or project, provide acknowledgement of source
information for any content that is quoted, paraphrased or summarized. Acknowledgement of source information includes
in-text citation noting specifically where in the submission the source is used and a corresponding reference, which
• Location of information (e.g., publisher, journal, or website URL)
Note: The use of APA citation style is encouraged but is not required for this task. Evaluators will offer feedback on
the acknowledgement of source information but not with regard to conformity with APA or other citation style.
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